Brazil issues fallow crop protection policy
Brazil’s Ministry of Agriculture is regulating the use of extensive fallow periods as a method of “non-quarantine” pest control on crops. The method can be used for several pests and diseases such as cotton boll weevils (Anthonomus grandis), Asian soybean rust (Phakopsora pachyrhizi), and corn earworms (Helicoverpa armigera), the Ministry notes. It issued Normative Instruction 5/2014 this month in the official gazette declaring the use of the tool for such instances. Each state would be responsible for regulating the policy within its boundaries, determining the dates for planting of each crop and the length of any fallow period. Several states already impose a 90-day fallow period between soybean harvest and planting to contain rust (Agrow passim).