New Zealand court rules on GMO techniques
The New Zealand High Court has ruled that the country's Environmental Protection Authority (EPA) erred in deciding that certain genetic modification techniques fall within an exemption from regulation under the Hazardous Substances and New Organisms (HSNO) Act. The ruling follows an appeal to the Court by the Sustainability Council of New Zealand of a 2013 decision by the EPA in response to a submission by the Forest Research Institute, Scion. The latter was requesting a determination of whether organisms produced using zinc finger nucleases (ZFNs) and transcription activator-like effectors (TALEs) were genetically modified. It was seeking to use the techniques to modify conifers.