India promotes IPM
India’s Ministry of Agriculture has been popularising IPM among farmers through a central government scheme that includes cultural, mechanical, biological and other methods of pest control while emphasising safe and judicious use of pesticides. The government has established 31 central IPM centres in 28 states and one union territory. The mandate of these centres is pest and disease monitoring, production and release of biocontrol agents and biopesticides, and imparting training to extension officers and farmers. The use of biopesticides and neem-based pesticides increased from 123 tonnes during 1994-95 to 8,110 tonnes during 2011-12. The use of chemical pesticides in the country has gone down from 75,033 tonnes of active ingredients in 1990-91 to 50,583 tonnes in 2011-12.