Portugal imposes stronger pine nematode controls
Portugal has imposed stricter measures on pine wood exporters to avoid the spread of pine wood nematodes ( Bursaphelenchus xylophilus). The new measures include stricter sanctions for those who export without fulfilling their pest eradication duties, and a three-year inspection programme. The Ministry has published a register of 65 companies to be assessed by 27 inspectors. It has invested €144,000 ($190,000) in a programme to “modernise the primary transformation of timber”. Some 200,000 trees were uprooted in the most severely infested areas between April and May last year. The pest is in a European Commission list that demands special measures ( Agrow No 545, p 13), including the creation of a quarantine area.