Dutch scientists find scab-resistant apples:
The Dutch University of Wageningen has concluded that genetically modified apple trees lead to "more sustainable cultivation" as they cut pesticide use. In a four-year research project, the university examined scab-resistance in 280 apple trees. "The GM trees had 60% less damage from the fungus, meaning that less pesticide is required to keep the trees healthy," the university says. The researchers inserted genetic material from barley into the trees with "positive results". They note that the use of other apple varieties could lead to "greater and more durable resistance" against the scab fungus, so as to "completely eradicate the use of chemical crop protection" to control the disease.