EU GMO (genetically modified organism) adoption depends on co-existence rules
The future adoption of genetically modified crops by EU farmers will depend on what type of co-existence and liability measures are imposed by member states, concludes a study by the European Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC). Results from Spain indicate that farmers growing GM crops are benefiting from average gross margins that are Euro 85/ha ($115/ha), or 13%, higher than conventional crop farmers. However, this does not take into account the extra "novel" costs associated with measures to ensure the co-existence of GM and conventional crops. Once these become mandatory, the final economic advantages for GM crop farmers could be reduced, the JRC points out.